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Joe’s Place: A Home For The Homeless

We have come dangerously close to accepting the homeless situation as a problem that we just can’t solve.Linda Lingle

Seeing a boy or a girl with a broken family struggling to get through high school is not a surprising sight, especially in America where at least one in every five children is homeless. The reason could be anything; addict mom or an abusive dad; it could be anything.

Several survey reports indicate an increasing rate of homeless children in America, children who have not yet cleared high school; teenagers. It is these children from broken families who often fail to get through high school, let alone go to college. It is because these children do not have a stable home, their living conditions are not stable which affects their studies too. Most of the high school dropouts turn out to be these very homeless children with no home to go to.

Problems Faced By Homeless Kids

Imagine being a kid merely 14 years old with who spends more time in drinking and sleeping, eating or talking all at the same time or a mom who left you a long time ago or try being a 10 year old girl with an abusive father who doesn’t even need an excuse to get started with the beating. What is the life of such children? They hardly get enough money to try to get through one day at a time. These are the children who are supposed to have time only to play and study; the children who are supposed to have big dreams about their future and huge smiles on their faces; but, are forced into living under the shadows of misery instead.

Homeless, especially youth homelessness; the homelessness of children is a curse for America and a hurdle in its way to progress and prosperity.

According to a campaign launched to End Child Homelessness,

“Approximately 1.6 million American children go to sleep without a home of their own each year.”

While, the National Alliance to End Homelessness states,

“On a given night, just over 636,000 people are homeless in the United States.”

It is observed that most of the teenaged children with unstable and broken family circumstances hardly make it through high school because of either lack of necessities or mental instability caused by the stressful atmosphere of their homes. It is because of these circumstances that such children end up being criminals or thieves in the future when they fail to get proper jobs due to their lack of academic qualifications.

 Dennis Kucinich rightly says,

We have weapons of mass destruction we have to address here at home. Poverty is a weapon of mass destruction. Homelessness is a weapon of mass destruction. Unemployment is a weapon of mass destruction.

Children who grow up in unstable circumstances are like ticking time bombs that can go off any moment. That is because life gets so tough on them even from the start that chances are they could give up on all the good things they thought existed.

 

Joe’s Place: A Home for the Homeless

However, no matter how tough it gets, there will always be good people, the knights in shining armors who will always be there to help you out; people who cry at the miseries of others. Joe’s place is a solid proof of the existence of such guardian angels; a proof that someone in the world, somewhere in the world cares.

In 2006, a school district in Missouri, Maplewood Richmond Heights took the first step to provide a home to the homeless called “Joe’s Place”. It was a home owned by the school district that provides a comfortable and homely atmosphere to homeless children struggling to graduate high school. Even though the house cannot accommodate all of the students but it is a first step to the final solution to youth homelessness. Children are provided with free food and shelter during their education period at school. They are allowed to spend weekends with their families. The house parents act as fosters parents and help the children in homework and arrange other family activities like movie nights, picnics etc.

Presten Pinnel, a freshman at the University of Central Missouri studying Occupational Therapy, was once a homeless kid with no one to look after him after his dad was sent to prison. He was in the sophomore year of High School at that time. After his dad went to jail, he hardly had any money to get through the day, no one was there to get him food; he had to prepare it on his own.

Life was so tough; he had no place to study at home and he’d sleep at his friend’s place, sleeping on the couch. He was never so sure if he’d ever be able to make it through high school; wondering if he would even be able to afford basic school supplies for the next year or not.

The school authorities knew about his domestic issues. Had it been some other school district, they wouldn’t have been able to provide him with anything other than donations for school supplies or after-school tutoring. But what the Maplewood Richmond Heights school district did for him was exceptional; he was given a chance to live in a healthy environment; a stable home.

He moved into Joe’s place right after his junior year started and life started to seem more like a blessing than a curse. He says,

“One thing I know for sure is if it wasn’t for Joe’s, I wouldn’t be at the university I’m at now.”

Joe’s Place was the first step to providing a stable and homely atmosphere to children who were either homeless or struggling with their domestic issues.

This year, around Thanksgiving, following the footsteps of the Maplewood Richmond Heights School District, another school district in Jennings, Missouri has also built a home for the homeless named “ Hope House” which, as the names suggests, is specified for girls.

Joe’s Place and Hope House aim at providing these homeless children with a healthy homelike atmosphere to grow in; a place where they won’t have to be worried if they’ll be able to get another meal or not. Their aim is to provide comfort, love and security to these children so that they can focus on their studies and enjoy life as they should.

It has been observed that the grades and efficiency of the students improved after they moved into Joe’s Place and these students are expected to graduate high school without any problem.

Joe’s place and Hope House are the proof that there are people in the world who know what it means to be a human. This is just the beginning. With time, other school districts might also start some projects like the Joe’s Place or the Hope House. Youth is the backbone of any nation and this backbone deserves proper care if we want our nation to stand erect among the other nations of the world.

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Donald Trump – The Seriousness of Taking Trump Seriously

Donald J. Trump, the man who wants to “Make America Great Again” and claims he can do it, does not like politicians since in his opinion, “All they do is politics.” Trump is a big name in the corporate world especially in the areas of real estate, marketing, and reality TV. Donald Trump was born to Fred Trump and Mary Ann MacLeod on June 14th, 1946. Mary Anne was a Scottish immigrant while Fred Trump was the son of German Immigrants. For a long time, he denied this fact since he had many Jewish clients in his real Estate business and claimed to have a Swedish ancestry. After graduating from the Wharton School of Pennsylvania University, Donald J. Trump joined his father’s company “Elizabeth, Trump and Son” which he later re-named as “The Trump Organization” in 1970. After making a prominent name in the Real Estate industry, Donald Trump focused on other areas and interestingly chose digital media and reality TV shows to gain even more fame. Today, Trump is known as a business magnate, investor, a prominent socialite, and famous TV personality thanks to the success of his various ventures such as The Apprentice, Miss Universe, and Miss America. In 2016, Donald Trump is looking to add one more trophy amongst his titles: President of the United States of America. Why is he doing that? From the looks of it, it appears he is going to the post merely because he thinks it would be cool to become president now.

 

However, this is not his first entrée into politics. The first time Trump considered being a presidential candidate was in 1998 with the Republican Party, but he changed his mind. Then in the year 2000, Donald Trump finally ran an exploratory presidential campaign with the Reform Party. This Party was achieving high ballot success but was still fracturing due to their Presidential Campaign for Ross Perot in 1996. Trump was convinced by the Governor of Minnesota, Jesse Ventura since he was well known for his regular commentary on the state of public affairs in the country and also because he was the head of The Trump Organization. This Campaign was announced on the popular CNN show Larry King Live on 7th October 1999. His campaign mainly focused on issues such as fair trade, the ways, and means of eliminating the national debt, making universal healthcare a reality and calling his competitor, Pat Buchanan ‘Hitler-lover’ a lot. Also, he mentioned Oprah Winfrey as his ideal running mate and claimed that when he won the election, he would immediately marry his girlfriend, Melania Knauss to make her First Lady of the United States.

 

Trump’s seriousness for these elections was widely questioned in the light of such claims was and it popular opinion was that he was only doing this to sell his books and market his brand. Trump hotly denied these allegations and said he had a very real chance to win this election. He carried out his campaign with gusto and events were scheduled in Minnesota, California and Florida with veteran campaign strategist Roger Stone directing them. By this time, however, internal conflicts had started arising within the party and Ventura left. He was the most vocal man when it came to supporting Trump, so it was no big surprise when Donald Trump declared that he was officially ending his campaign on The Today Show on February 14th, 2000. He blamed the party would not be able to run an effective presidential campaign for him and enable his victory in the general election. Pat Buchanan eventually won the nomination from the Reform Party.

 

After this election, the famous reality TV show The Apprentice aired which made Trump, even more, noted. As a result of this, he seriously considered running in the 2012 elections on a Republican Party ticket but eventually decided against it. After waiting another four years, Trump has finally launched a full-scale presidential campaign and managed to become the front runner for the Republican Party presidential candidate in the 2016 elections. To date, he has been running a very successful albeit a very controversial campaign.

 

Controversy, however, is not something new to the Trump Organization nor is Donald Trump daunted by it. If we look down into history, The New York Times reported on 1st June 1927 about a certain incident where about 1000 members of the Klu Klux Klan got into an altercation with the Queens Police. The Klansmen outnumbered the policemen one to ten, and the brawl turned ugly. Seven Klansmen were arrested. One of these was called ‘Fred Trump.’ He must have been approximately 21 years of age at the time, and it is possible that he may only have been an innocent bystander. But when this incident is combined with another event in 1973, one does not feel like the Trumps deserve to be given the benefit of the doubt.

 

In 1973, when Donald Trump had been working in his father’s business for three years, the US Justice Department filed a case against the Trump organization. The case had been filed by The Civil Rights Division and stated that Black people were discriminated against in the apartment complexes that were owned by The Trump Organization. White people were given the apartments for rent quite easily while the blacks were turned down. This accusation was based on widespread complaints of racial discrimination carried out by Trump agents.The Urban League had sent some Black and White applicants undercover to apply for apartments in Trump complexes. The results came out as expected; the whites got the apartment, the blacks got a refusal. A newspaper in 1979 quoted one of Trump’s agents saying that applications coming into the office were sorted on the basis of race. These were later accepted or rejected on the same grounds. A decree was issued which required the Trump Organization to advertise vacancies in minority papers and also list vacancies with the Urban League.

 

Trying to find flaws with Donald Trump or doubting that he is a patriot, a true conservative isn’t the point. The things that are wrong with him are not his party policies, his positions on immigration, health care, social security nor his bigotry or hate speech. The problem with this man is that we are even considering his opinions and his positions on these important issues. We are taking him seriously. Even though Jeb Bush and other candidates refuse to recognize him unable to uphold the standards of the Conservative Party, this is not the main dispute on the table. The real cause for concern is that Donald J. Trump is completely unfit to become the president of the United States. He is a shrewd businessman, a clever marketer, a rich man. All these things may make him a good boss, but he is not a good leader. Donald J. Trump is not a good diplomat. In just a short span of a few months, he has managed to anger half the people whom he interacts and works with. How is he to lead a nation of 319 Million?!

 

If he is elected, what he will bring with him would be a lot of money and a knack for publicity. Nice to have in a politician. In addition to that, a little wit, charm and since he has nothing to lose, the clownish tendency of saying whatever he wants without the fear of consequences. That is also good to have in a politician. He can afford to do that because he is financing himself. There is no sponsor to oblige, no seriousness to be shown to get people to invest in you. No compromises and no commitment which raising campaign money entails. He says things that a more serious, more responsible person will not utter. This is unquestionably not good to have in a politician. He is no longer satisfied by playing the fool; he wants to be the King now!

 

Trump defines his future plans as “We’re going to have a lot of fun” while giving a major interview. In his speeches, he throws childish insults at his opponents. Jeb Bush is “low energy” whereas Ben Carson is “Pathological”. Marco Rubio is “Lightweight” and the world is either black or white. America can either win or lose; things are either good or wholly bad, and people are smart or stupid and morals either strong or weak. While pointing to the journalists who are covering his rallies, he has the audacity to say “Look at these bloodsuckers” and tells them, “Be ashamed of yourselves.” He is a buffoon! But how does he do it? How does he gain popularity and keeps rising in the polls? He understands people. He knows what motivates them. Anger is a motivator. Fear is a motivator. Hope is a motivator. Branding illegal immigrants as the problem, calling thousands of innocent Muslims as terrorists and giving unrealistic solutions like building a giant wall to keep people out are the solutions he has. And yet, they work. People listen and get brainwashed.

 

Do his speeches get through to the public? Yes, they do. But do they have the desired effects? Two young men beat up a middle-aged sleeping homeless Latino man. Upon being arrested and inquiry, they said, “Trump is right. These illegal immigrants need to go home.” Upon confrontation, Donald Trump released a statement that violence should not be the way. He didn’t say anything about injustice or fairness. Protesters (and there are a lot of them) at Trump rallies get physically beaten up, humiliated and if Mr. Trump happens to notice the disturbance he just tells them to “Get the hell out of here. Get out!” This is exactly what happened to some Immigration activists in Miami when the crowd was kicking, punching and dragging them on the floor and Mr. Trump noticed the disturbance.

 

A young Latino man came to a Trump rally to protest along with his wife; he was surrounded and spit upon. He left silently even though the couple had as much right to be there as anyone else at the rally. They were living in the USA on a work permit, not as illegal immigrants. Mercutio Southall, a large black man, and a well-known Birmingham civil rights activist began shouting protests in a trump rally from the middle of an entirely white crowd in a city where 73% of the population is black. Trump supporters notice this disturbance and start kicking and punching him. He fell to the floor and tried to fight back. He was outnumbered, missed and got chocked. The police notice the disturbance and came to his rescue. Even as a policeman held him, a blonde woman came, kicked him hard in the stomach and moved off. When Donald Trump was confronted about the incident, all he had to say was, “Maybe he should have been roughed up.”

 

Did Trump do anything to make things right? Promote tolerance and reinforce the Republican Party’s favorable position on immigration and equal rights? No, he gave a detailed description of the vicious crimes committed by the Mexicans and provided the ridiculous solution of building a wall along the Mexican border which would (of course) be paid for by Mexico. He spoke for the internment camps for Japanese Americans during World War 2 and proposed something similar to “get rid” of the illegal immigrants again. He did promise to “be humane” but seeing how minorities are treated in his rallies, one is justified to be skeptical.

 

Then there is his stance on the Muslims. Did he mention that Muslim doctors make up 10% of the entire American medical community? No. Here’s what he had to say, “When you see certain people walking in and out all day carrying things, inform your local police.” Then referring to World Trade Center collapse on 9th September 2011 he says, “I watched in Jersey City where thousands and thousands of people were cheering as that building was coming down,” he says. “So something is going on.” His solution: Ban entry to all Muslims in the USA until, “We figure out what is going on.” Incidentally, Mr. Trump seems to have been the only man to have seen the thousands and thousands of people who were cheering. Does America need a man like this to lead them? The choice is up to the Americans to make now, and we hope they will be smart enough to get them a President worthy of going down in history, not a reality TV show host famous for the saying “You’re fired.”

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Declining Fuel Prices In The US – Is Cheap Gasoline Here To Stay?

Remember the awful days in 2009 when the price of petroleum rose up to $4 per gallon? Those days seem like a distant memory now that price of gasoline has fallen below $2; an all-time low since 2009.

The cost of gas is connected fundamentally to the cost of oil. Raw petroleum makes up 62% of the expenditure of a gallon of gasoline. This is the same unrefined petroleum whose per-barrel cost is regularly utilized as a macroeconomic pointer, and its relationship to retail gas costs is one of those reasons. The oil and gas sector can be called the vital heart of the energy sector.

At the point when unrefined petroleum costs fall, upstream organizations and specialty businesses take the blow. Less expensive unrefined petroleum implies downstream organizations, those that refine raw petroleum into usable gasoline fuel, have to bear fewer costs at the start. Of late, companies like these have been brilliant spots in a generally turbulent energy market. Refining represents 14% of our expenses at distribution stage at petrol pumps the rest is covered by promotion, taxes and other miscellaneous expenses.

US petroleum utilization came to an expected 18.87 million barrels for every day in 2011 and was relied upon to rise to 18.96 million barrels for each day in 2012. Drivers in the United States were said to travel 500,000 miles every day in 2011 and were expected to travel 9 billion miles in 2012.

In 2008, a report by Cambridge Energy Research Associates expressed that the most fuel usage in the US had been in 2007. After Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita, gas costs in the country began to rise. They got to be the record high. As far as the total economy is concerned, increments in unrefined petroleum costs predict an increase in GDP (gross domestic product), yet increments in natural gas costs do not.

Every one of the damages from the Katrina, Rita, and other natural disasters kept running up gas costs. By 30th August, a day after Katrina’s landfall, costs in the spot market, which commonly incorporate a premium over the wellhead cost, had surged past $11/GJ, and by 22 September 2005, the day preceding Rita’s landfall, the spot cost had ascended to $14/GJ. However interestingly, the latest trend in oil prices is that they are hitting record lows in 2016. One gallon of gas on Labor Day 2015 was approximately 95 cents lesser than the same gallon a year ago

Until now, the oil business has mostly been a supply driven business. Cars need fuel to run. Factories need fuel to run machines. Planes use fuel. Nearly everything as we know it uses oil. The more the people need to use oil, the more need there is to supply it. The last time oil prices fell this low was back in 2008 or 2009. The reason was a bad economy and lack of usage. This time, however, the reason is entirely different. It is excess in supply. The supply simply exceeds the demand at the moment.

The way the oil markets escape the present chaos and discover balance is from remedying the supply and demand gap. Supply is certainly going down in the United States. The EIA reported forcefully bring down generation figures for the main portion of 2015, uncovering that U.S. oil creation has been even faster than it was expected or calculated until now.

If you do the math, the modification is needed. Lower costs have produced much more interest for refined items and demand has gone up. Most cars have been sold in August 2015 ever since the previous high ten years ago in 2005. What’s more, shoppers are buying more 4-wheel-drive vehicles and jeeps, which use more fuel. Truck deals are up 8.6 percent from exactly a year ago. In June, U.S. drivers drove the most miles ever recorded in a solitary month, and gas utilization spiked by 4 percent from June 2014.

The rapid rise in consumption is obviously due to lower prices at which the fuel is being made available. The purchasing power of the consumer has improved. The EIA distributed new information that demonstrates that gas costs on the Labor Day occasion weekend – a few days of astoundingly high activity on the streets – were at their most reduced levels in 11 years. Indeed, a gallon of gas on Labor Day 2015 was 95 pennies lower by and large than the same gallon a year before

Cheerful times have arrived again at the gas pump. The cost of oil continues falling, and Americans are filling their tanks for under $2 a gallon. Less expensive fuel has put an additional $100 billion into drivers’ wallets in the past year alone. That appears like it would be useful for the economy. Turns out, it may not be.

A business analyst with the U.S. Vitality Information Administration trusts that cheap gas may be a terrible thing for America. Obviously drivers like low priced gas. According to government data, the oil and gas industry as a part of GDP has about multiplied in the previous decade. Presently it has developed to be so huge that it has brought into question that whether cheap gas is something to be thankful for, or not.

The advantages to consumers could be around $140 billion from fuel funds. In any case, the misfortunes on the other side because of lower generation, less venture could hurt the economy. This may clarify why the economy still isn’t precisely moving forward by leaps and bounds even with the availability of low priced and plentiful fuel available. Meanwhile, another research contradicts that theory and says that cheap gas might be a good thing after all.According to government sources, a normal family unit saved $700 the last year on less expensive gas. But on the other hand, the Commerce Department says 2015 had the weakest retail deals in six years.

Despite the fact that foreseeing developments in the oil cost have progressively turned into a waste of time, there are a few up and coming advancements that could moderate the interest development rate, and bring equilibrium between the demand and supply gap which is currently visible in the market. After the Labor Day weekend, which is pretty much the end of the peak driving season, the drivers in the United States might drive lesser and hence, lesser fuel will be consumed than the previous few months.

Likewise, refineries are experiencing support and are changing to winter fuel mixes (which are less expensive than summer mixes). Upkeep could take a few refineries logged off briefly, and the lower throughput could lessen interest for raw petroleum hence lessening demand. In short, if the equilibrium can be restored, cheap gasoline may be here to stay after all!

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The Unemployment Insurgent Program

The biggest problem that arises in the lives of workers is unemployment. There is a lack of jobs and not enough work for the youth. A person who does not have a job but actively seeks work to do is known as an unemployed person. Youth unemployment rates are historically high than the adult rates in every country in the world.

There are so many reasons behind unemployment in countries around the globe. The first reason that we come up with is the quality of education. Most of the unemployed people are those who have primary or less education. Although, high education does not always guarantee a good job but it does help in landing a suitable job most of the time! Second is, that companies or offices hire the young workers in temporary forms of work like internships and short-term contracts and when a firm downsizes, it fires these workers.

The unemployed people face so many consequences in their life. What can be more unfair, that they are willing to do work but are not getting any? Unemployment has many direct and indirect impacts on lives of young people and their families. Due to unemployment, many people are becoming victims of depression and anxiety. Crime rate also increases due to unemployment because their needs force them into doing wrong things to earn money.

Unemployment also affects the economic growth of the country as so many people are not working which causes non-productivity. The young people who are at the age of 18- 26 seriously consider migrating to other places in order to find work. As it is not easy to spend life without working and earning because nothing comes in free. Money is such an important part of life as there are so many desires that a person wants to fulfill and without money it is not possible and without a job or work earning money is also not possible.

The rate of unemployment in the United States has increased in last five years. Youth unemployment rate has increased 10 percent more. For solving the problem of unemployed workers, the country provides them with some benefits. These are known as Unemployment Insurance Benefits.

Unemployment insurance is also known as unemployment benefits or unemployment compensation. It is a form of social welfare payments made by the state or other authorized bodies to unemployed people.

In 1932, unemployment insurance was launched in Wisconsin in the United States. The federal government of the United States effectively promoted the individual states to adopt unemployment insurance programs through the Social Security Act of 1935.

Unemployment insurance is organized as a federal-state system and it provides basic income support for unemployed workers rather than retirees. The program is designed to provide limited income replacement to regularly employed members of the labor force who become involuntarily unemployed. It means people who become jobless for a reason other than misconduct. Benefits are paid weekly to workers who are qualified as a matter of right, according to benefits schedules or formulas specified in the law. Benefits eligibility and amounts are related to previous contributions by or on behalf of the worker.

WHO SHOULD AVAIL THIS?

In order to receive benefits payments, a person must meet the unemployment insurance (UI) eligibility requirement. When an unemployment insurance claim request is filed and a certification is submitted all the eligibility requirements must be fulfilled before benefits can be paid by the Employment Development Department (EDD).

An individual who files for unemployment insurance benefits must meet the following eligibility requirements before benefits can be paid. The  individual must:

  • Have worked for at least one quarter in the previous year.
  • Be laid off by an employer.
  • Be unemployed through no misconduct.
  • Be physically able to work.
  • Be available for work.
  • Be ready and willing to immediately accept work.
  • Be actively looking for work.
  • Be approved for training before training benefits can be paid.

Workers who meet these eligibility conditions may still be denied unemployment insurance benefits if they are found to be responsible for their own unemployment. If the worker is receiving certain types of income such as pension, back pay, or workers’ compensation for temporary partial disability, the benefits may be reduced. Unemployment benefits are subject to Federal income taxes.

An individual must certify for benefits by submitting a certification online, over the phone, or by mail. The EDD will schedule a phone interview if the information on the certification shows that the individual did not meet the eligibility requirements. Benefits may be reduced or denied it depends on the information that is obtained from the individual.

BENEFITS OF UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

The unemployed workers in the United States who are eligible to claim the benefits are given between 40-50 % amounts of their previous pay. These benefits are paid by the state government, the state funds it in large part and by the federal payroll taxes imposed on employers, to the workers who become unemployed without any misconduct of their own. The benefits are based on the quarterly earnings of an individual. The time period and value of an unemployed benefit are determined through the previous amount of earnings and number of quarters a person had worked. Although the maximum time limit of an individual to receive this benefit is 26 weeks.

These benefits are good for unemployed persons and give them support to some extent. And it somewhat helps them.

CONCLUSION

For permanent and temporary workers more balanced employment protection is needed. The country should maintain the level of education. There should be a high and equal level of education in reasonable fee for every individual of the country so that maximum persons could meet the criteria of available jobs. The country should take measures and try to create opportunities for the unemployed population.

Although, Unemployment Insurance scheme is very beneficial and useful for the unemployed workers. The procedure to file a claim is also not difficult and lengthy but yes there are rules and conditions applied. The person should be able to work, willing to work, and should not be responsible for his own unemployment. Otherwise, the individual’s request to claim the benefit will be denied.

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Black Lives Matter Movement – Formation, Struggle & Achievements

Whenever marginalized groups are oppressed in any society, are mercilessly discriminated and are not given due rights, their fits of anger and frustrations reach a boiling point and they refuse to be treated like this, ultimately standing up to claim their rights. Hence, giving birth to civil right movements. The US history is filled with rows between black and white Americans which gave rise to some popular civil rights movements led by leaders like Malcolm X and Martin Luther King that protested the oppression of black Americans.

1-Founding

The latest movement of this series is the ‘Black Lives Matter’ movement that was born in 2013 when a 17-year-old black teenager by the name of Trayvon Martin was posthumously placed on trial for his own murder while his murderer, George Zimmerman, was not held responsible for the crime that he committed.

Soon it was formulated as an international activist movement by the Afro-American community and has been campaigning against the violence towards black people since its inception in 2013. The movement began with the use of the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter on social media and within no time became nationally recognized for its street demonstrations. It gained momentum in 2014 following the deaths of two other African Americans namely Michael Brown and Eric Garner that resulted in massive protest and unrest in Ferguson and New York respectively.

Since the Ferguson protests, participants in the movement have demonstrated against the deaths of numerous other African Americans by police actions or while in police custody. In the summer of 2015, Black Lives Matter began to publicly challenge politicians including the politicians in the 2016 United States Presidential elections to state their positions on the BLM issues. As far as its organizational structure is concerned, overall, the BLM movement is a decentralized network and has no formal hierarchy or structure.

2-Philosophy

According to its founders Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi and Patrisse Cullors, the movement draws its inspirations from the following quote by Ella Baker,

“Oppressed people, whatever their level of formal education, have the ability to understand and interpret the world around them, to see the world for what it is, and move to transform it.”

Black Lives Matter is seen as an ideological and political intervention in a world where Black lives are systematically and intentionally targeted. It is an affirmation of Black folks’ contributions to this society, our humanity, and our resilience in the face of deadly oppression.

3-What Does #BlackLivesMatter Mean?

When we say Black Lives Matter, we are broadening the conversation around state violence to include all of the ways in which Black people are intentionally left powerless at the hands of the state. They are talking about the ways in which Black lives are deprived of their basic human rights and dignity. Upon these grounds, the BLM upholds following key agendas:

  • How Black poverty and genocide is state violence?
  • How 2.8 million Black people are locked in cages in this country is state violence.
  • How Black women bearing the burden of a relentless assault on our children and our families is state violence.
  • How Black queer and trans folks bear a unique burden from a hetero-patriarchal society that disposes of us like garbage and simultaneously fetishizes us and profits off of us, and that is state violence.
  • How 500,000 Black people in the US are undocumented immigrants and relegated to the shadows.
  • How Black girls are used as negotiating chips during times of conflict and war.
  • How Black folks living with disabilities and different abilities bear the burden of state-sponsored Darwinian experiments that attempt to squeeze us into boxes of normality defined by white supremacy, and that is state violence.

The BLM’s philosophy revolves around following guiding principles:

  • Diversity

They are committed to acknowledging, respecting and celebrating difference(s) and commonalities.

  • Globalism

They see themselves as a part of the global Black family and are aware of the different ways they are impacted or privileged as Black folk who exist in different parts of the world.

Different syndicates working the very direction are:

Black Women

They are committed to building Black women affirming space free from sexism, misogyny, and male-domination.

Black Villages

They are committed to disrupting the Western-prescribed nuclear family structure requirement by supporting each other as extended families and “villages” that collectively care for one another, and especially “their” children to the degree that mothers, parents and children are comfortable.

Loving Engagement

They are committed to embodying and practice justice, liberation, and peace in their engagements with each another.

Restorative Justice

They are committed to work collectively, lovingly, courageously and vigorously for the freedom and justice for Black people and, by extension all people. As they forge their path, they intentionally build and nurture a beloved community that is bonded through a beautiful struggle which is restorative and not depleting.

Collective Value

They are guided by the fact all Black lives, regardless of actual or perceived sexual identity, gender identity, gender expression, economic status, ability, disability, religious beliefs or disbeliefs, immigration status or location.

Empathy

They are committed to practice empathy by engaging comrades with the intent to learn about and connect with their contexts.

Queer Affirming

They are committed to fostering a queer-affirming network. When they gather, they do so with the intention of freeing themselves from the tight grip of heteronormative thinking or, rather, the belief that all in the world are heterosexual unless s/he or they disclose otherwise.

Unapologetically Black

They are unapologetically Black in their positioning. In affirming that Black Lives Matter, they need not qualify their position. To love and desire freedom and justice for themselves is a necessary prerequisite for wanting the same for others.

Transgender-Affirming

They are committed to embrace and making space for transgender brothers and sisters to participate and lead. Since they are committed to being self-reflexive and doing the work required to dismantle cis-gender privilege and uplift Black trans folk, especially Black transgender women who continue to be disproportionately impacted by trans-antagonistic violence.

Black Families

They are committed to making their spaces family-friendly and enable parents to fully participate with their children. With a commitment to dismantle the patriarchal practice that requires mothers to work “double shifts” and requires them to mother in private even as they participate in justice work.

Intergenerational

They are committed to foster an inter-generational and communal network free from ageism. As they believe that all people, regardless of age, have an adequate amount of capacity to lead and learn.

4-Achievements

 As of now BLM has hosted numerous national conferences focussing on the issues that are of critical importance to Black people and claim that they are working hard for the liberation of their people.  They further claim that they have connected people across the country and are working to end the various forms of injustice impacting them. In turn creating space for the celebration and humanization of Black lives.