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Gender Issues and sex “Discrimination”

No matter how much we have progressed today as a people,  feminists are still given an awful unfolding. No doubt, even in first world countries like the US, those women who are excelling in the workplaces are demonized and called as anti-family with egoists personalities. This practice is still prevalent today. Although, there are many bypasses created by women, still many women in the US are not given equal rights to men. People call them ‘feminazis’ and they are even mocked by the misguided selves of others.

Dejectedly, the spirit of feminism exists for a cause – Gender inequality, which is found out to be one of the most persistent violations of human rights in the society of US. In fact, as the time is passing by it is getting worse and worse. As per a report published by the World Economic Forum, US holds a 17th position among the 22 industrialized countries that encourage the women labor force participation. The situation is alarming because in 1990s US held the 6th position on the same scale!

The wages earned by women are also less as compared to men. At an average, a white woman makes $.77 as compared to a white man who receives $1.00 for the same job on daily wages. If estimated, the loss of the gross income over a period of the lifetime can be as large as $1.2 million for women. The situation further worsens if the women belong to black or Latina ethnicity.

The whole story is remarkable because this is the matter of how women are perceived in the place of work has a straight correlation with how much they are compensated equally as compared to men. This notion also applies if the business is run by a woman. Whatever the race of life is, women are found to be making much lesser than the men.

The 2012 Harvard Business Review Survey of 7,280 leaders also reveals that women are considered as better leaders than men, yet many women who are working in the leadership roles have unsafe feelings for their appointments. They are pressurized to perform error-free, and because they think that their positions are indefensible, they tend to take every negative feedback of their work to heart. These feelings further continue when these women work in the corporate environments resulting in women packing themselves in their niche and never coming out of it.

Here the matter is to notice the value of women and their self-worth. Instead of doubting both, our society must provide them safe and equal rights as those with men. To help themselves, all women have to narrow down the boundaries of their beliefs that are keeping them back to move ahead. The society could help them if empowerment is practiced in real terms for women. Although, woman like Hillary Clinton have made a successful end-up in this race among men and women, there are many women who can bring much value to the world – still waiting to get recognized. The time to make a total mindset shift is yet to come!

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Juvenile Offenders – Focusing On Lack of Education and Cache of Bad Company as Root Cause of Problem

 Juvenile offenders also referred to as juvenile delinquents are young people below the age of 18 who are arrested for various crimes or offenses ranging from theft and vandalism to rape and murder. This is a very unstable world and times we are living in today. There is conflict, security threats, uncertainty and neglect of humanity everywhere. Children who grow up in this chaotic world, undergo the transition from childhood to adulthood tending to become increasingly violent and exhibit delinquent behavior. In the United States, children who show delinquent behavior are punished in a Youth Detention Center.

There may be many causes of delinquency among young children and adolescents. Among these primarily is the fact that opportunities for employment and education are not evenly distributed for all. Other reasons include children who fall into bad company and develop a drug abuse problem, broken families or parentless children, sexual abuse, cruelty and parents who have an alcohol abuse problem. Sometimes neglect manifests itself in rebellious behavior in children. For example children whose parents work long hours or are preoccupied with other family members tend to commit crimes after their school hours. The friendships a child develops inside or outside the school also play a significant role in their behavior. It can have a direct impact on them navigating successfully through to adulthood and becoming a college graduate or developing a substance abuse problem and eventually dropping out of school.

It has been observed that 15-20% young people exhibit delinquent behavior due to mental illness. If we use a broader definition, this figure goes up to 90%! In The United States, demographics shows that the number of juvenile offenders is rising every year. For example, in 2007, there were approximately 72 million young offenders. This figure rose up to 75 million in the year 2013. This rate is forecasted to keep on increasing till the year 2015 at minimum. The Federal Interagency of Child and Family Statistics have predicted that by the year 2050, the population of delinquents might go up to approximately 102 million! The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention also reported in the year 2009 that out of all juvenile offenders in The United States, 57% were White, 10% were black, 1% American Indian, 5% were Asian, and 22% of them belonged to the Hispanic community.

Since many children who are arrested for delinquent behavior have suffered psychological or physical abuse, they have learning disabilities, anger issues and fall behind in their studies. As a result, these children, who are already lagging in their education, have to sit through the deplorable outdated Education system of the Detention Centers. This results in them not being able to make a successful transition out and gives rise to recidivism. Research has shown a clear link between education and juvenile delinquency. Statistics shows us that if we compare academic performances of students and the probability of their turning into an offender, then 35% children who perform badly in studies are bound to become offenders compared to 20% children who have a good academic record.

Similarly, a study carried out by the Criminal Justice Policy Council reported the findings that 37% of the children and adolescents who had been held for crimes were less likely to return to prison if they only learned to read during their time in a Juvenile Correction Center.About 2600 juvenile justice facilities report that they provide classes and basic education services for the offenders. However, in many of these centers, the educational programs are low grade and insufficient for the juvenile delinquents. For starters, there is lack of timely and correct analysis and assessment of the needs students have when they enter the system. Research showed that about 16% students only have the basic reading and writing skills of a fourth-grade student. There is little or no coordination among different age groups of students or different skills level students and their learning potential with the teacher’s lessons. Quite a few of the teaching methods are antiquated, inappropriate, use outdated material and little or no technology is used. There is an overall dearth of resources.

Every morning the sun rises over these juvenile justice centers, there are about 70,000 students who come to take classes and learn. Almost 85 percent of these students are males. There may be a number of reasons for that. Males are generally more exposed to society and have a higher tendency to be aggressive. Almost 70% of those people turn out to be African American or Hispanic. However, due to poor teaching quality, these systems only do more harm than good and at the end, only 25% students have a progress good enough to enable them to enter a public school and manage to keep up with peers.

Federal reports show that out of all the students in juvenile justice facilities, only 15% improved their reading skills while in custody. Out of the long term students, only 26% improved their reading and writing skills. Only 2% are accepted into a program at any college. Almost 70% people who are tested are found to have some sort of learning disability. Lesser than 25% have received special guidance or services for their disability. The other 45% have not been catered to.  The irony in all this is that Justice Systems are more expensive to maintain than keeping teenagers in a normal school where they not only receive quality education, they also have more chances of progression and avoid mental problems that come along with living in incarceration.

The best way of preventing juvenile delinquency is to keep a strict watch and correct the problem at root level. Causes of crimes among teenagers need to be looked into and analyzed. Some of these causes like improving the home environment or lessening poverty are hard to eliminate but others like lack of education and falling into bad company can easily be rectified. After all, it is important to remember that these are still children, and they deserve all the perks that come with childhood. Every child deserves a happy home, security, ample opportunity for growth and progress. By providing affordable quality education, children can be saved from ruining their future.

3 Best Scholarships for Minorities in the United States

Going to college is not easy for a vast number of people. So many of them are struggling with financial instability, especially minorities. The best way to pay for your college education is through scholarships and grants. For minorities, there are a number of university scholarships available to help pay for their university education. University scholarships have one big advantage; they do not need to be paid back, unlike loans that need to be paid back. Here are some top minority scholarships that are available to all of the minority students in the United States who want to go to college.

 

The Pell Grant Program: This grant provides excellent minority scholarships to students who encounter economic and financial difficulties. This program offers a number of scholarship grants for minorities. The Pell Grant Program is one of the best minority scholarships for groups like Latin Americans, Mexicans, Asians, and for people with Hispanic or Arab heritage. This scholarship is also available to the people who were victims of severe discrimination or who are disabled. Students must have a diploma from their high schools and need to pass an “ability to benefit” test. If an applicant was in prison at any point in the past, then this person becomes ineligible for this scholarship. Also, students may be ineligible for the grant if they have been convicted in the past for some drug-related offense. If those types of students are going to be given a grant, then it depends on the situation when this crime occurred, and did those students attend a drug rehabilitation program if applicable. Students also must not have an outstanding Pell overpayment on record.

 

Jackie Robinson Foundation: The Jackie Robinson Foundation is a college grant program, and it offers scholarships to future students from minority communities to help them gain university education based on their financial need. It provides funds to aid youth of all ethnic minority groups in the United States of America. To be eligible for this scholarship an applicant must: 1) Be a graduating, minority high school senior; 2) Attend an accredited and approved four–year institution in the United States; 3) Show real leadership potential; 4) Demonstrate a dedication to serving the community; 5) Present some evidence of financial need; 6) Be a United States citizen; 7) Have a minimum SAT score of 1,000 on sections such as math and reading, or a composite ACT score of 21; 8) Applicants cannot possess a degree from a 2-year or 4–year college when applying for this scholarship.

 

The William Randolph Hearst Endowed Scholarship: This scholarship is given by the Aspen Institute to minority students, and it is one of the best scholarships in the country. This scholarship includes a grant of 25 to 30 thousand dollars annually. Each candidate needs to have an excellent academic record, and also have the following: 1) The candidate needs to have demonstrated interest or experience in some nonprofit organizations, philanthropy, and also the social sector; 2) Good research and writing skills; 3) Demonstrated financial need, and 4) Needs to have U.S. citizenship or U.S. permanent residency.

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A Minority fate, Justice, and Facebook Hiring

“Diversity is crucial to achieving our mission.”

Countless occasions have been encountered where minorities suffer as they are not even given an equal chance to thrive in  American. It is the same system that promises every American citizen equal rights and opportunities. The deck has been stacked. Unfortunately, the American dream has failed to provide when minorities are concerned. The media has always seemed to favor whites for a very long time and has only accommodated to stereotypes of blacks by over-representing minorities as the assailants in violent crimes. The biggest offense by the American criminal justice system is that it is considered as a race-based institution where black Americans are directly targeted and punished in a much more biased way compared to the whites. Even in the corporate sector in America, white employers prefer whites over blacks in many parts of the country.

People might have a good idea about the silence in the city hall of Parma, Missouri, where several senior officials and police officers quit after a black woman was elected as mayor for the first time. Former city clerk known as Tyrus Byrd was confirmed in as for the position of mayor last week, after passing 37 years serving Randall Ramsey by 38 votes. Byrd is not given a clerk, city attorney or water treatment supervisor; these were the people who instantly walked off their jobs including the five police officials out of six claiming “safety concerns.”  Bryd has no say on the people quitting their jobs but is concerned that she was unable to find the resignation letters. On the other hand, Byrd is very surprised and convinced that she is getting help and support from the residents and other communities to keep the town on the right track.Even stated that Parma residents are pooling all their efforts. Martha Miller, a white resident in Parma, said, “I think it’s quite unfair and dirty that they all left without giving her a chance.”

Marilyn Mosby is a prosecutor in Baltimore who charged six police officers for the death of Freddie Gray. Only one 1% of the America’s elected prosecutors consists of Blacks. Mosby, who is a black, has also faced unfairness and inequity in her early life. She acquired national attention and Facebook viral trending for her quick actions in Baltimore, just months after the drawn-out chief adjudicator’s proceedings in Ferguson, Missouri – supervised by Robert McCulloch, who is a white. This resulted in no accusation of the white officer who are responsible for killing Michael Brown, rather led to further protests and maximized turnout in local elections.

There are events where minorities face unfairness and inequity. Speaking on  Facebook. Currently, Facebook has doubled its count of black employees; however African Americans still represent less than 1.5% of the corporation’s 5479 American employees. The report states that the corporation now has black workers comparatively, and the count increased from 45 to 81. It comes regardless of the company declaring that “ diversity is crucial to achieving our mission.” The filing also stated that now Facebook has more black employees in their senior most positions for the time of its inception. It is even anticipated that in the coming years, there will be more black people in the top most positions in the company. ” let’s just  wait and see.”

 

 

Knowing African Americans Today

According to the census,  there are about 44,456,009 African American and Black people living in America. It is about 14.2% of the population of America. In District Colombia, 51% people are black the highest, and the lowest in Idaho and Montana, which is 1% only.

The poverty rate is 28.1% in Black and African American communities higher than all other minority communities in America, according to the census of 2012. It was increasing during the period of 2005 to 2012.  African Americans the black elderly were also taking public assistance like cash assistance, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing /section 8. During 2013 about 41.5%, black people were using food stamps. In 2013 census, black male people were 48%, and females were 52%.The education rate of blacks was also not very good, most that attended college did not complete their degree. We see that only 17% of black men have Bachelor’s degree compared to 30% of all men. African Americans have a low rate of labor force ranging from age 16 to 64.They don’t bother on working they either are full-time students disabled, or they have stopped looking for work. In the year 2013, African American males who worked full-time at median earnings of $37,290 as compared to $48,099 per annum. About 6% of black men at working age ranging (18-64years) are in federal jails or municipal jails, but other men are only 2% that is about three times higher than that. About 14% of black men are veterans in U.S army which is slightly less than the other man. About 16% of black men are considered as disabled whereas other men’s are 11%. The percentage of married black men is less than the other men. The divorce rate is also high in black men the widowed rate is less in black people as compared to the other. Black Race, men, like to marry with black women, not with other. Black people are more religious than others. Black women seem to be younger till the age of 35 while other are younger at 39.Only 57% of black women have attended college but only and 39% have completed their associate degree. Black women are successful than black men in getting an education. About 22% of black women have a bachelor’s degree that is less than of other women. African females have a high labor force percentage that is about71%, and other women are at 69% of the whole population, it is better than others.

 

Only 64% of black women held in white collar jobs while 8% are doing blue collar jobs. Black women are the head of 29% of all black households which is very higher than the other women. According to 2008 the most of black people in America were Christian generic, and the least are Muslims.26.4 million black people earn $ 135 billion annually in black business. According to the elections of 2008 & 2012, it seems that the black vote was a key to the Democratic Party rather than other parties.

We can conclude that black people in America are slowly moving towards betterment. Motivated and fueled by the election of a Black President.